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Martin Berggren

Biogeochemical cycles in aquatic systems

(read more about this research area)

Aquatic Biogeochemistry at INES has a special but not exclusive focus on dissolved organic carbon cycling in boreal freshwaters. Ongoing student projects span a wide range of topics, from the regulation of water chemistry through processes in the surrounding soils, to turnover of nutrients in lakes and estuaries, to plankton food web reconstructions. Past field campaigns have targeted river mouths and estuaries along the Swedish coasts with the aim of creating a better understanding of how runoff from land contributes to biological oxygen demand in the coastal areas of the Baltic Sea.

INES aquatic biogeochemistry lab

Present lab group:

- Martin Berggren (PI)
Geert Hensgens (PhD candidate)
Enass Said Al Kharusi​ (PhD candidate)
- Mayra Pinheiro Dutra Rulli (PhD candidate)
Hani Younes (PhD candidate)
- Felicia Claeson (MSc candidate)
- Lars Olsson (MSc candidate)
- Alexis Cazorla (MSc candidate)
- Cecilia Baggini (MSc candidate)

Ongoing research projects:

2019-2022 Understanding the role of freshwater respiration in the carbon cycle – a reconsideration of the pelagic respiratory quotient (PI). Funded by the Swedish Research Council VR

2018-2020/21 How do nutrients control the productivity of brownified freshwater and coastal ecosystems? (PI). Funded by Formas.

Click here to see our study sites in Google Earth!

Papers, peer-review (click links for PDF):

41. Mzobe P, Yan Y, Berggren M, Pilesjö P, Olefeldt D, Lundin E, Roulet N and Persson A (2020). Morphometric control on dissolved organic carbon in subarctic streams. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, IN PRESS

40. Hensgens G, Laudon H, Peichl M, Aguinaga Gil I, Zhou Q and Berggren M (2020). The role of the understory in litter DOC and nutrient leaching in boreal forests. Biogeochemistry 149(1): 87-103, DOI: 10.1007/s10533-020-00668-5

39. Al-Kharusi ES, Tenenbaum DE, Abdi AM, Kutser T, Karlsson J, Bergström AK and Berggren M. 2020. Large-scale retrieval of coloured dissolved organic matter in northern lakes using Sentinel-2 data. Remote Sensing 12(1): 157, DOI: 10.3390/rs12010157

38. Berggren M and Al-Kharusi ES. 2020. Decreasing organic carbon bioreactivity in European rivers. Freshwater Biology 65(6): 1128-1138, DOI: 10.1111/fwb.13498

37. Berggren M, Gudasz C, Guillemette F., Hensgens G, Ye L and Karlsson J. 2020. Systematic microbial production of optically active dissolved organic matter in subarctic lake water. Limnology and Oceanography 65(5): 951-961, DOI: 10.1002/lno.11362

36. Soares ARA, Lapierre JF, Selvam BP, Lindström G and Berggren M. 2019. Controls on dissolved organic carbon bioreactivity in river systems. Scientific Reports 9, Article number: 14897, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-50552-y

35. Selvam BP, Lapierre JF, Soares ARA, Bastviken D, Karlsson J and Berggren M. 2019. Photo-reactivity of dissolved organic carbon in the freshwater continuum. Aquatic Sciences 81(4): 57, DOI: 10.1007/s00027-019-0653-0

34. Soares ARA and Berggren M. 2019. Indirect link between riverine dissolved organic matter and bacterioplankton respiration in a boreal estuary. Marine Environmental Research 148: 39-45, DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2019.04.009

33. Münzner K and Berggren M. 2019. In situ plankton community respiration measurements show low respiratory quotients in a eutrophic lake. Environmental Microbiology 21(4): 1425-1435, DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.14574

32. Berggren M, Bengtson P, Soares ARA and Karlsson J. 2018. Terrestrial support of zooplankton biomass in northern rivers. Limnology and Oceanography 63(6): 2479-2492, DOI: 10.1002/lno.10954

31. Metcalfe DB, Hermans TDG, Ahlstrand J, Becker M, Berggren M et al. and Abdi AM. 2018. Patchy field sampling biases understanding of climate change impacts across the Arctic. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2(9): 1443-1448, DOI: 10.1038/s41559-018-0612-5

30. Mzobe P, Berggren M, Pilesjö P, Lundin E, Olefeldt D, Roulet NT and Persson A. 2018. Dissolved organic carbon in streams within a subarctic catchment analysed using a GIS/remote sensing approachPLOS ONE 13(7): e0199608, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0199608

29. Soares ARA, Kritzberg ES, Custelcean I and Berggren M. 2018. Bacterioplankton responses to increased organic carbon and nutrient loading in a boreal estuary - separate and interactive effects on growth and respiration. Microbial Ecology 76(1): 144-155, DOI: 10.1007/s00248-017-1115-7

28. Creed IF, Bergström AK, Trick CG, Grimm NB, Hessen DO, Karlsson J, Kidd KA, Kritzberg ES, McKnight DM, Freeman EC, Senar OE, Andersson A, Ask J, Berggren M, Cherif M, Giesler R, Hotchkiss ER, Kortelainen P, Palta MM, Vrede T and Weyhenmeyer GA. 2018. Global change-driven effects on dissolved organic matter composition: Implications for food webs of northern lakes. Global Change Biology 24(8): 3692-3714, DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14129

27. Berggren M, Klaus M, Selvam BP, Ström L, Laudon H, Jansson M and Karlsson J. 2018. Quality transformation of dissolved organic carbon during water transit through lakes: contrasting controls by photochemical and biological processes. Biogeosciences 15(2): 457-470, DOI: 10.5194/bg-15-457-2018

26. Ruiz-González C, Niño-García JP, Berggren M and del Giorgio PA. 2017. Contrasting dynamics and environmental controls of dispersed bacteria along a hydrologic gradient. Advances in Oceanography and Limnology, 8(2): 222-234, DOI: 10.4081/aiol.2017.7232

25. Selvam BP, Lapierre JF, Guillemette F, Voigt C, Lamprecht RE, Biasi C, Christensen TR, Martikainen PJ and Berggren M. 2017. Degradation potentials of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from thawed permafrost peatScientific Reports 7: Article number 45811, DOI: 10.1038/srep45811

24. Soares ARA, Bergström AK, Sponseller RA, Moberg JM, Giesler R, Kritzberg ES, Jansson M and Berggren M. 2017. New insights on resource stoichiometry: assessing availability of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus to bacterioplanktonBiogeosciences 14(6): 1527-1539, DOI: 10.5194/bg-14-1527-2017

23. Tanentzap AJ, Kielstra BW, Wilkinson GM, Berggren M, Craig N, del Giorgio PA, Grey J, Gunn JM, Jones SE, Karlsson J, Solomon CT and Pace ML. 2017. Terrestrial support of lake food webs: synthesis reveals controls over cross-ecosystem resource useScience Advances, 3(3): e1601765, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1601765

22. Allesson L, Ström L and Berggren M. 2016. Impact of photochemical processing of DOC on the bacterioplankton respiratory quotient in aquatic ecosystemsGeophysical Research Letters, 43(14): 7538-7545, DOI: 10.1002/2016GL069621

21. Selvam BP, Laudon H, Guillemette F and Berggren M. 2016. Influence of soil frost on the character and degradability of dissolved organic carbon in boreal forest soils, Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 121(3): 829-840, DOI: 10.1002/2015JG003228

20. Berggren M and del Giorgio PA. 2015. Distinct patterns of microbial metabolism associated to riverine dissolved organic carbon of different source and quality. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 120(6): 989-999, DOI: 10.1002/2015JG002963

19. Berggren M, Sponseller RA, Soares ARA and Bergström A-K. 2015. Toward an ecologically meaningful view of resource stoichiometry in DOM-dominated aquatic systems. Journal of Plankton Research 37(3): 489-499, 10.1093/plankt/fbv018

18. Berggren M, Bergström A-K and Karlsson J. 2015. Intraspecific autochthonous and allochthonous resource use by zooplankton in a humic lake during the transitions between winter, summer and fall. PLOS ONE 10(3): e0120575, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120575

17. Stubbins A, Lapierre J-F, Berggren M, Prairie YT, Dittmar T and del Giorgio PA. 2014. What’s in an EEM? Molecular signatures associated with dissolved organic fluorescence in boreal Canada. Environmental Science and Technology 48(18): 10598-10606. DOI: 10.1021/es502086e

16. Berggren M, Ziegler SE, St-Gelais NF, Beisner BE and del Giorgio PA. 2014. Contrasting patterns of allochthony among three major groups of crustacean zooplankton in boreal and temperate lakes. Ecology 95(7): 1947-1959. DOI: 10.1890/13-0615.1

15. Karlsson J, Berggren M, Ask J, Byström P, Jonsson A, Laudon H and Jansson M. 2014. Response to Comment: Terrestrial support of pelagic consumers in unproductive lakes — Uncertainty and potential in assessments using stable isotopes. Limnology and Oceanography 59(5): 1800-1803. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2014.59.5.1800

14. Lapierre J-F, Guillemette F, Berggren M and del Giorgio PA. 2013. Increases in terrestrially derived carbon stimulate organic carbon processing and CO2 emissions in boreal aquatic ecosystems. Nature communications 4: 2972. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3972

13. Berggren M, Lapierre J-F and del Giorgio PA. 2012. Magnitude and regulation of bacterioplankton respiratory quotient across freshwater environmental gradients. ISME Journal 6(5): 984-993. DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2011.157

12. Jansson M, Berggren M, Laudon H and Jonsson A. 2012. Bioavailable phosphorus in humic headwater streams in boreal Sweden. Limnology and Oceanography 57(4): 1161-1170. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2012.57.4.1161

11. Karlsson J, Berggren M, Ask J, Byström P, Jonsson A, Laudon H and Jansson M. 2012. Terrestrial organic matter support of lake food webs: Evidence from lake metabolism and stable hydrogen isotopes of consumers. Limnology and Oceanography 57(4): 1042-1048. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2012.57.4.1042

10. Laudon, H, Berggren M, Ågren A, Buffam I, Bishop K, Grabs T, Jansson M and Köhler S. 2011. Patterns and dynamics of Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) in boreal streams: The role of processes, connectivity and scaling. Ecosystems 14: 880-893. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-011-9452-8

9. Berggren M, Laudon H, Jonsson A and Jansson M. 2010. Nutrient constraints on metabolism affect the temperature regulation of aquatic bacterial growth efficiency. Microbial Ecology 60(4): 894-902. DOI: 10.1007/s00248-010-9751-1

8. Berggren M, Ström L, Laudon H, Karlsson J, Giesler R, Bergström A-K and Jansson M. 2010. Lake secondary production fueled by rapid transfer of low molecular weight organic carbon from terrestrial sources to aquatic consumers. Ecology Letters 13(7): 870-880. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01483.x

7. Berggren M, Laudon H, Haei M, Ström L and Jansson M. 2010. Efficient aquatic bacterial metabolism of dissolved low molecular weight compounds from terrestrial sources. ISME Journal 4(3): 408-416. DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2009.120

6. Berggren M Laudon H and Jansson M. 2010. Bacterial utilization of imported organic material in three small nested humic lakes. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 30(9): 1393-1396

5. Berggren M, Laudon H and Jansson M. 2009. Aging of allochthonous organic carbon regulates bacterial production in unproductive boreal lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 54(4): 1333-1342. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2009.54.4.1333

4. Berggren M, Laudon H and Jansson M. 2009. Hydrological control of organic carbon support for bacterial growth in boreal headwater streams. Microbial Ecology 57(1): 170- 178. DOI: 10.1007/s00248-008-9423-6

3. Ågren A, Buffam I, Berggren M, Bishop K, Jansson M and Laudon H. 2008. Dissolved organic carbon characteristics in boreal streams in a forest- wetland gradient during the transition between winter and summer. Journal of Geophysical Research 113: Article No G03031. DOI: 10.1029/2007JG000674

2. Ågren A, Berggren M, Laudon H and Jansson M 2008. Terrestrial export of highly bioavailable carbon from small boreal catchments in spring floods. Freshwater Biology 53(5): 964-972. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2008.01955.x

1. Berggren M, Laudon H and Jansson M 2007. Landscape regulation of bacterial growth efficiency in boreal freshwaters. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 21: Art. No. GB4002. DOI: 10.1029/2006GB002844

Google Scholar

Lab alumns:

Dr. Linlin Ye, 6-month sabbatical visit 2018, Associate Professor, Nantong University

Dr. Ana Raquel Alves SoaresPhD 2013-2017, Water quality, VA Syd.

Karla MünznerMaster 2015-2016, lab technician 2016-2017, PhD student at Uppsala University, Sweden.

Dr. Balathandayuthabani Panneer SelvamPhD 2012-2016, Research engineer at Linköping University, Sweden.

Carlos Gustavo Arellano Caicedo, Master 2014-2015, PhD Student at Lund University, Sweden.

Lina Allesson, Master 2014-2015, PhD Student at Oslo University, Norway.

Ioana Custelcean, Master 2014-2015, Business analyst.

Julia JakobssonBachelor 2013, lab technician 2014-2015. PhD Student at University of Auckland, New Zealand.

Sohidul Islam, Master 2013-2014, PhD Student at Trent University, Canada.

Joanna Marchlewska MobergMaster 2013-2014, consultant (Living Lakes) and project assistant at Faculty of Engineering LTH, Lund.

Monika Ogden, Master 2012-2013, GIS consultant, Head of Corporate Services at Incomar Aerospace and Defence Systems.

Anna Nilsson, Master 2007-2008 Umeå Univ, laboratory technician/engineer private enterprise (Domsjö Fabriker).

For a list of recently supervised theses, click here (MSc/BSc) or here (PhD).

Finished projects:

2015-2017 An empirical framework for large-scale modeling of dissolved organic carbon fluxes across soils and water (PI). Funded by Formas.

2013-2016 Environmental constraints on the input of reactive organic carbon to the Baltic Sea (PI). Co-funded by CEC and the Formas strong research environment "Managing multiple stressors in the Baltic Sea".

2012-2015 Terrestrial export of labile dissolved organic carbon in a changing environment (PI). Faculty-funded.

2013-2014 Inputs of reactive organic carbon to the Baltic Sea regulated by water residence times in river catchments (PI). Funded by the Crafoord foundation.

2012-2013 Regulation of lake planktonic productivity by boreal terrestrial export of bioavailable carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus (PI). Funded by the Crafoord foundation.

2010-2011 Aquatic greenhouse gas emissions mediated by microbial use of allochthonous organic carbon of varying source and quality (VR Post Doc)

Courses given/Coordinated:

Research methodology is taught regularly as 7.5 ECTS (GISN15) or 5 ECTS (GISN27) web-based distance courses, available at variable study paces.

NGEM01 - Physical Geography and Ecosystem Analysis: Master´s Degree Project

Also teaching on:

NGEA04 - Ecosystem Analysis

NGEN17 - Global Ecosystem Dynamics

NGEN14 - Greenhouse Gases and the Carbon Cycle

NGEA20 - Hydrology

Martin Berggren
E-mail: martin [dot] berggren [at] nateko [dot] lu [dot] se

Senior lecturer

Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science

+46 46 222 17 34

+46 73 092 61 98



Teaching staff

Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science


Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Lund University
Sölvegatan 12
S-223 62 Lund

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