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Petter Pilesjö

Petter Pilesjö

Professor

Petter Pilesjö

Cropland changes in times of conflict, reconstruction, and economic development in Iraqi Kurdistan

Författare

  • Lina Eklund
  • Andreas Persson
  • Petter Pilesjö

Summary, in English

The destruction of land and forced migration during the Anfal attacks against the Kurds in Iraq in the late 1980s has been reported to have severe consequences for agricultural development. A reconstruction program to aid people in returning to their lands was launched in 1991. To assess the agricultural situation in the Duhok governorate during the pre-Anfal (A), post-Anfal (B), reconstruction (C), and present (D) periods, we mapped winter crops by focusing on inter-annual variability in vegetation greenness, using satellite images. The results indicate a decrease in cultivated area between period A and B, and a small increase between period B and C. This supports reports of a decline in cultivated area related to the Anfal campaign, and indicates increased activity during the reconstruction program. Period D showed a potential recovery with a cropland area similar to period A.

Avdelning/ar

  • Centrum för Mellanösternstudier
  • Institutionen för naturgeografi och ekosystemvetenskap
  • Centrum för geografiska informationssystem (GIS-centrum)
  • MECW: The Middle East in the Contemporary World

Publiceringsår

2016

Språk

Engelska

Sidor

78-88

Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie

Ambio: a Journal of Human Environment

Volym

45

Issue

1

Dokumenttyp

Artikel i tidskrift

Förlag

Springer

Ämne

  • Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Nyckelord

  • Agriculture
  • Conflict
  • Crop phenology
  • Iraqi Kurdistan
  • NDVI

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Övrigt

  • ISSN: 0044-7447