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Mining, Economic Activity and Remote Sensing : Case studies from Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali and Tanzania

Författare:
  • Magnus Andersson
  • Ola Hall
  • Niklas Boke-Olén
Publiceringsår: 2015
Språk: Engelska
Sidor: 1-42
Publikation/Tidskrift/Serie: CSAE Conference 2015: Economic Development in Africa
Dokumenttyp: Konferensbidrag
Förlag: The Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), Department of Economics at Oxford University

Abstract english

Mining is a major economic activity in many developing countries particularly in Africa. Mining operations, whether small- or large-scale, have an impact on local communities. Previous research focus on how the gold mining sector in Africa is dependent on policy reforms in order to enable countries to better benefit from the sector, changing environmental conditions or the structure of the economic activities in the areas surrounding mines. Here, we apply a novel analytical framework based on medium resolution satellite data for the period 2001 – 2012 to estimate the economic effects of mining in Ghana, Mali, Burkina Faso and Tanzania. Through the analysis of nighttime lights, agricultural vegetation dynamics and forest change, we find a positive effect on average economic growth for most mining districts in Mali, Burkina Faso and Tanzania. Moreover, our analysis establishes strong relationship between statistics of agricultural production and vegetation index from satellite data on district level in Mali, Ghana and Tanzania.

Keywords

  • Physical Geography
  • Human Geography

Other

Published
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E-post: niklas [dot] boke_olen [at] cec [dot] lu [dot] se

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