The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Petter Pilesjö

Petter Pilesjö

Professor

Petter Pilesjö

An approach of coupling topographic indices to dynamic ecosystem modelling

Author

  • Jing Tang
  • Petter Pilesjö

Summary, in English

The dynamic ecosystem model LPJ-GUESS combines sophisticated plant physiological and biogeochemical processes and has been successfully used in predicting vegetation dynamics at different scales. However, the water cycling is limited to vertical water movement between the atmosphere plant-soil. Thus we have developed an enhanced version of LPJ-GUESS (called LPJ-DH) by coupling water routing and lateral water fluxes. The fundamentals are based on the spatial variability of topographic indices, calculated from digital elevation models (DEM). The runoff outputs from LPJ-DH and LPJ-GUESS were compared and the newly introduced hydrology scheme showed a possible advantage in representing the drainage network and topographic effects on water redistribution. The general increase of plant transpiration was also found over the catchment by LPJ-DH, and we demonstrated that the plant transpiration modelled by LPJ-DH was in line with observed data. Overall, the study demonstrated the feasibility and advantages of incorporating topographic effects on water redistribution within the frame of LPJ-GUESS.

Department/s

  • Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
  • Centre for Advanced Middle Eastern Studies
  • eSSENCE: The e-Science Collaboration
  • MECW: The Middle East in the Contemporary World
  • MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system

Publishing year

2013

Language

English

Pages

320-326

Publication/Series

Climate and Land Surface Changes in Hydrology

Volume

359

Document type

Conference paper

Publisher

International Association of Hydrological Sciences

Topic

  • Physical Geography

Keywords

  • surface runoff
  • LPJ-GUESS
  • LPJ-DH
  • topographic index

Conference name

International Association of Hydrological Sciences Symposium on Climate and Land Surface Changes in Hydrology / IAHS-IAPSO-IASPEI Joint Assemply

Conference date

2013-07-22 - 2013-07-26

Conference place

Gothenburg, Sweden

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0144-7815