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Paul Miller

Senior lecturer

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The Interplay of Recent Vegetation and Sea Ice Dynamics—Results From a Regional Earth System Model Over the Arctic


  • W. Zhang
  • R. Döscher
  • T. Koenigk
  • P. A. Miller
  • C. Jansson
  • P. Samuelsson
  • M. Wu
  • B. Smith

Summary, in English

Recent accelerated warming over the Arctic coincides with sea ice reduction and shifting patterns of land cover. We use a state-of-the-art regional Earth system model, RCAO-GUESS, which comprises a dynamic vegetation model (LPJ-GUESS), a regional atmosphere model (RCA), and an ocean sea ice model (RCO), to explore the dynamic coupling between vegetation and sea ice during 1989–2011. Our results show that RCAO-GUESS captures recent trends in observed sea ice concentration and extent, with the inclusion of vegetation dynamics resulting in larger, more realistic variations in summer and autumn than the model that does not account for vegetation dynamics. Vegetation feedbacks induce concomitant changes in downwelling longwave radiation, near-surface temperature, mean sea level pressure, and sea ice reductions, suggesting a feedback chain linking vegetation change to sea ice dynamics. This study highlights the importance of including interactive vegetation dynamics in modeling the Arctic climate system, particularly when predicting sea ice dynamics.


  • Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
  • BECC: Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate
  • MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system
  • eSSENCE: The e-Science Collaboration
  • Centre for Environmental and Climate Science (CEC)

Publishing year





Geophysical Research Letters





Document type

Journal article


American Geophysical Union (AGU)


  • Climate Research


  • Arctic
  • Climatic warming
  • Coupled
  • Regional climate modelling
  • Sea ice
  • Vegetation feedback




  • ISSN: 0094-8276