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Patrik Vestin

Patrik Vestin

Research engineer

Patrik Vestin

Towards long-Term standardised carbon and greenhouse gas observations for monitoring Europe's terrestrial ecosystems : A review


  • Daniela Franz
  • Manuel Acosta
  • Núria Altimir
  • Nicola Arriga
  • Dominique Arrouays
  • Marc Aubinet
  • Mika Aurela
  • Edward Ayres
  • Ana López-Ballesteros
  • Mireille Barbaste
  • Daniel Berveiller
  • Sébastien Biraud
  • Hakima Boukir
  • Timothy Brown
  • Christian Brömmer
  • Nina Buchmann
  • George Burba
  • Arnaud Carrara
  • Allessandro Cescatti
  • Eric Ceschia
  • Robert Clement
  • Edoardo Cremonese
  • Patrick Crill
  • Eva Darenova
  • Sigrid Dengel
  • Petra D'Odorico
  • Gianluca Filippa
  • Stefan Fleck
  • Gerardo Fratini
  • Roland Fuß
  • Bert Gielen
  • Sébastien Gogo
  • John Grace
  • Alexander Graf
  • Achim Grelle
  • Patrick Gross
  • Thomas Grönwald
  • Sami Haapanala
  • Markus Hehn
  • Bernard Heinesch
  • Jouni Heiskanen
  • Mathias Herbst
  • Christine Herschlein
  • Lukas Hörtnagl
  • Koen Hufkens
  • Natascha Kljun
  • Anders Lindroth
  • Meelis Mölder
  • Mats B. Nilsson
  • Timo Vesala
  • Patrik Vestin

Summary, in English

Research infrastructures play a key role in launching a new generation of integrated long-Term, geographically distributed observation programmes designed to monitor climate change, better understand its impacts on global ecosystems, and evaluate possible mitigation and adaptation strategies. The pan-European Integrated Carbon Observation System combines carbon and greenhouse gas (GHG; CO2, CH4, N2O, H2O) observations within the atmosphere, terrestrial ecosystems and oceans. High-precision measurements are obtained using standardised methodologies, are centrally processed and openly available in a traceable and verifiable fashion in combination with detailed metadata. The Integrated Carbon Observation System ecosystem station network aims to sample climate and land-cover variability across Europe. In addition to GHG flux measurements, a large set of complementary data (including management practices, vegetation and soil characteristics) is collected to support the interpretation, spatial upscaling and modelling of observed ecosystem carbon and GHG dynamics. The applied sampling design was developed and formulated in protocols by the scientific community, representing a trade-off between an ideal dataset and practical feasibility. The use of open-Access, high-quality and multi-level data products by different user communities is crucial for the Integrated Carbon Observation System in order to achieve its scientific potential and societal value.


  • BECC: Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate
  • MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system
  • Centre for Environmental and Climate Science (CEC)
  • Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science

Publishing year







International Agrophysics





Document type

Journal article


De Gruyter


  • Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
  • Climate Research
  • Environmental Sciences


  • carbon cycle
  • GHG exchange
  • ICOS
  • observational network
  • standardised monitoring




  • ISSN: 0236-8722