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Marko Scholze

Senior lecturer

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The greenhouse gas project of Esa's climate change initiative (GHG-CCI) : Overview, achievements and future plans


  • M. Buchwitz
  • M. Reuter
  • O. Schneising
  • H. Boesch
  • I. Aben
  • M. Alexe
  • R. Armante
  • P. Bergamaschi
  • H. Bovensmann
  • D. Brunner
  • B. Buchmann
  • J. P. Burrows
  • A. Butz
  • F. Chevallier
  • A. Chédin
  • C. D. Crevoisier
  • S. Gonzi
  • M. De Mazière
  • E. De Wachter
  • R. Detmers
  • B. Dils
  • C. Frankenberg
  • P. Hahne
  • O. P. Hasekamp
  • W. Hewson
  • J. Heymann
  • S. Houweling
  • M. Hilker
  • T. Kaminski
  • G. Kuhlmann
  • A. Laeng
  • T. T.V. Leeuwen
  • G. Lichtenberg
  • J. Marshall
  • S. Noël
  • J. Notholt
  • P. Palmer
  • R. Parker
  • M. Scholze
  • G. P. Stiller
  • T. Warneke
  • C. Zehner

Summary, in English

The GHG-CCI project ( is one of several projects of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Climate Change Initiative (CCI). The goal of the CCI is to generate and deliver data sets of various satellite-derived Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) in line with GCOS (Global Climate Observing System) requirements. The "ECV Greenhouse Gases" (ECV GHG) is the global distribution of important climate relevant gases-namely atmospheric CO2 and CH4-with a quality sufficient to obtain information on regional CO2 and CH4 sources and sinks. The main goal of GHG-CCI is to generate long-term highly accurate and precise time series of global near-surface-sensitive satellite observations of CO2 and CH4, i.e., XCO2 and XCH4, starting with the launch of ESA's ENVISAT satellite. These products are currently retrieved from SCIAMACHY/ENVISAT (2002-2012) and TANSO-FTS/GOSAT (2009-today) nadir mode observations in the near-infrared/shortwave-infrared spectral region. In addition, other sensors (e.g., IASI and MIPAS) and viewing modes (e.g., SCIAMACHY solar occultation) are also considered and in the future also data from other satellites. The GHG-CCI data products and related documentation are freely available via the GHG-CCI website and yearly updates are foreseen. Here we present an overview about the latest data set (Climate Research Data Package No. 2 (CRDP#2)) and summarize key findings from using satellite CO2 and CH4 retrievals to improve our understanding of the natural and anthropogenic sources and sinks of these important atmospheric greenhouse gases. We also shortly mention ongoing activities related to validation and initial user assessment of CRDP#2 and future plans.


  • Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
  • MERGE: ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system

Publishing year







International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives



Document type

Conference paper


  • Climate Research
  • Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences


  • Carbon cycle
  • Climate change
  • Emissions
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Remote sensing
  • Satellites

Conference name

2015 36th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment

Conference date

2015-05-11 - 2015-05-15

Conference place

Berlin, Germany




  • ISSN: 1682-1750