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Arctic Cryosphere: Changes and Impacts

  • T. V. Callaghan
  • Margareta Johansson
  • T. D. Prowse
  • M. S. Olsen
  • L. -O. Reiersen
Publishing year: 2011
Language: English
Pages: 3-5
Publication/Series: Ambio: a Journal of Human Environment
Volume: 40
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Springer

Abstract english

The Arctic cryosphere is a critically important component of the earth system, affecting the earth's energy balance, sea level, greenhouse gases and atmospheric circulation, transport of heat through ocean circulation, ecology and human resource use and well-being. The Arctic cryosphere is, however, changing rapidly with multiple important consequences that will potentially affect the earth system including the human population. The drivers of changes in the Arctic's cryosphere, the recent and projected changes in the cryosphere and the consequences for future climate warming, sea level rise, ecology and human well-being, have been comprehensively assessed by the Arctic Council's Snow Water, Ice, and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA) Project through its Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme Working Group. This article introduces the assessment and the associated papers within a special issue of the journal Ambio that extract and present some of the major findings of the SWIPA report.


  • Physical Geography
  • Peoples
  • Cultures
  • Ocean circulation
  • Ecology
  • Arctic
  • Permafrost
  • Ice
  • Water
  • Snow
  • Societies
  • Atmospheric circulation
  • Climate feedbacks


  • ISSN: 0044-7447
E-mail: margareta [dot] johansson [at] nateko [dot] lu [dot] se


Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science

+46 46 222 44 80



Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Lund University
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S-223 62 Lund

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