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Household resilience to climate change hazards in Uganda

Author:
  • George Oriangi
  • Frederike Albrecht
  • Jonas Ardö
  • Petter Pilesjö
Other contributions:
  • Giuliano Dibaldassarre
  • Yazidhi Bamutaze
  • Paul Isolo Mukwaya
Publishing year: 2020
Language: English
Pages: 59-73
Publication/Series: International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Abstract english

Purpose – As climate change shocks and stresses increasingly affect urban areas in developing
countries, resilience is imperative for the purposes of preparation, recovery and adaptation. This study aims to investigate demographic characteristics and social networks that influence the household capacity to prepare, recover and adapt when faced with prolonged droughts or erratic rainfall events in Mbale municipality in Eastern Uganda.
Design/methodology/approach – A cross-sectional research design was used to elicit subjective opinions. Previous studies indicate the importance of subjective approaches for measuring social resilience but their use has not been well explored in the context of quantifying urban resilience to climate change shocks and stresses. This study uses 389 structured household interviews to capture
demographic characteristics, social networks and resilience capacities. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for analysis.
Findings – The ability of low-income households to meet their daily expenditure needs, household size, and networks with relatives and non government organizations (NGOs) were significant determinants of preparedness, recovery and adaptation to prolonged droughts or erratic rainfall events.
Practical implications – The results imply that policymakers and practitioners have an important role vis-à-vis encouraging activities that boost the ability of households to meet their daily expenditure needs, promoting small household size and reinforcing social networks that enhance household resilience.Originality/value – Even the low-income households are substantially more likely to prepare for and recover from prolonged droughts or erratic rainfall events if they can meet their daily expenditure needs. This
finding is noteworthy because the poorest in society are generally the most vulnerable to hazards.
Keywords Resilience, Drought, Urban, Networks, Rainfall, Demographic

Keywords

  • Physical Geography
  • Human Geography
  • Resilience, Drought, Urban, Networks, Rainfall, Demographic

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 1756-8692
E-mail: jonas [dot] ardo [at] nateko [dot] lu [dot] se

Professor

Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science

+46 46 222 40 31

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Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science

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Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Lund University
Sölvegatan 12
S-223 62 Lund
Sweden

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