Frans-Jan Parmentier

Frans-Jan Parmentier

Associate professor

Frans-Jan Parmentier

Rising methane emissions from northern wetlands associated with sea ice decline

Author

  • Frans-Jan Parmentier
  • Wenxin Zhang
  • Yanjiao Mi
  • Xudong Zhu
  • Jacobus van Huissteden
  • Daniel J. Hayes
  • Qianlai Zhuang
  • Torben Christensen
  • A. David McGuire

Summary, in English

The Arctic is rapidly transitioning toward a seasonal sea ice-free state, perhaps one of the most apparent examples of climate change in the world. This dramatic change has numerous consequences, including a large increase in air temperatures, which in turn may affect terrestrial methane emissions. Nonetheless, terrestrial and marine environments are seldom jointly analyzed. By comparing satellite observations of Arctic sea ice concentrations to methane emissions simulated by three process-based biogeochemical models, this study shows that rising wetland methane emissions are associated with sea ice retreat. Our analyses indicate that simulated high-latitude emissions for 2005-2010 were, on average, 1.7 Tg CH4 yr(-1) higher compared to 1981-1990 due to a sea ice-induced, autumn-focused, warming. Since these results suggest a continued rise in methane emissions with future sea ice decline, observation programs need to include measurements during the autumn to further investigate the impact of this spatial connection on terrestrial methane emissions.

Department/s

  • Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
  • BECC - Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate
  • MERGE - ModElling the Regional and Global Earth system

Publishing year

2015

Language

English

Pages

7214-7222

Publication/Series

Geophysical Research Letters

Volume

42

Issue

17

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Geophysical Union (AGU)

Topic

  • Climate Research

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1944-8007