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Complexity revealed in the greening of the Arctic

  • Isla H. Myers-Smith
  • Jeffrey T. Kerby
  • Gareth K. Phoenix
  • Jarle W. Bjerke
  • Howard E. Epstein
  • Jakob J. Assmann
  • Christian John
  • Laia Andreu-Hayles
  • Sandra Angers-Blondin
  • Pieter S.A. Beck
  • Logan T. Berner
  • Uma S. Bhatt
  • Anne D. Bjorkman
  • Daan Blok
  • Anders Bryn
  • Casper T. Christiansen
  • J. Hans C. Cornelissen
  • Andrew M. Cunliffe
  • Sarah C. Elmendorf
  • Bruce C. Forbes
  • Scott J. Goetz
  • Robert D. Hollister
  • Rogier de Jong
  • Michael M. Loranty
  • Marc Macias-Fauria
  • Kadmiel Maseyk
  • Signe Normand
  • Johan Olofsson
  • Thomas C. Parker
  • Frans Jan W. Parmentier
  • Eric Post
  • Gabriela Schaepman-Strub
  • Frode Stordal
  • Patrick F. Sullivan
  • Haydn J.D. Thomas
  • Hans Tømmervik
  • Rachael Treharne
  • Craig E. Tweedie
  • Donald A. Walker
  • Martin Wilmking
  • Sonja Wipf
Publishing year: 2020-01-31
Language: English
Pages: 106-117
Publication/Series: Nature Climate Change
Volume: 10
Issue: 2
Document type: Journal article review
Publisher: Nature Research

Abstract english

As the Arctic warms, vegetation is responding, and satellite measures indicate widespread greening at high latitudes. This ‘greening of the Arctic’ is among the world’s most important large-scale ecological responses to global climate change. However, a consensus is emerging that the underlying causes and future dynamics of so-called Arctic greening and browning trends are more complex, variable and inherently scale-dependent than previously thought. Here we summarize the complexities of observing and interpreting high-latitude greening to identify priorities for future research. Incorporating satellite and proximal remote sensing with in-situ data, while accounting for uncertainties and scale issues, will advance the study of past, present and future Arctic vegetation change.


  • Climate Research


  • ISSN: 1758-678X
Frans-Jan Parmentier
E-mail: frans-jan [dot] parmentier [at] nateko [dot] lu [dot] se

Associate professor

Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science



Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Lund University
Sölvegatan 12
S-223 62 Lund

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