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Babak Mohammadi

Doctoral student

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Modeling daily reference evapotranspiration via a novel approach based on support vector regression coupled with whale optimization algorithm

Author

  • Babak Mohammadi
  • Saeid Mehdizadeh

Summary, in English

In achieving water resource management goals such as irrigation scheduling, an accurate estimate of reference evapotranspiration (ET0) is critical. Support vector regression (SVR) was applied to the modeling of daily ET0 at three meteorological stations in Iran subject to different climates: Isfahan (arid), Urmia (semi-arid), and Yazd (hyper-arid). Different pre-processing approaches [relief (RL), random forests (RF), principal component analysis (PCA), and Pearson's correlation (COR)] served to determine the SVR's optimal input combinations. While these approaches introduced different inputs to the SVR models, those drawn upon by the RF approach (i.e., RF-SVR) generated better results than other approaches. Models performance was evaluated using the root mean square error (RMSE), normalized RMSE (NRMSE), mean absolute error (MAE), coefficient of determination (R2), and the Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (E). A novel hybrid model, coupling SVR with a whale optimization algorithm (WOA), was also developed and applied to daily ET0 modeling. The hybrid models outperformed the SVR-only models, with the hybrid RF-SVR-WOA model having the best performance.

Publishing year

2020-07-01

Language

English

Publication/Series

Agricultural Water Management

Volume

237

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Elsevier

Topic

  • Physical Geography
  • Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources

Keywords

  • Hybrid model
  • Pre-processing
  • Reference evapotranspiration
  • Support vector regression
  • Whale optimization algorithm

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0378-3774