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Tree recovery during the aftermath of an outbreak episode of the Hungarian spruce scale in southern Sweden

Author:
  • Inis Winde
  • Olle Anderbrant
  • Anna Maria Jönsson
Publishing year: 2018-05-19
Language: English
Pages: 313-319
Publication/Series: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research
Volume: 33
Issue: 4
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Abstract english

In 2010, the first, and so far only, infestation of the Hungarian spruce scale (Physokermes inopinatus) and accompanying sooty mould occurred in Scania, southernmost Sweden. About 1000 ha of Norway spruce (Picea abies) were affected, and the trees suffered from the sucking of the insects as well as from the dense sooty mould that covered the needles. Salvage cuttings were carried out in many of the massively attacked forest stands, both in response to the fear that the trees otherwise would die, e.g. from secondary bark beetle attacks and to prevent spreading of the infestation. The aim of this study was to provide basic, quantitative knowledge on the aftermath response of trees that were heavily infested, but not exposed to salvage cutting. Growth characteristics, in terms of needle weight, shoot length and tree-ring size were measured on infested and uninfested trees to compare and contrast the spruce growth before, during and after the scale outbreak. The infestation resulted in dwarf annual shoots, stunted needles and thin tree rings. The needle weight returned to normal the following year, whereas shoot length and tree rings required one growing season before full recovery.

Keywords

  • Forest Science
  • needle weight
  • Physokermes inopinatus
  • Picea abies
  • shoot length
  • tree ring

Other

Published
  • New forest pests in a changing climate
  • Pheromone Group
  • ISSN: 0282-7581
E-mail: anna_maria [dot] jonsson [at] nateko [dot] lu [dot] se

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Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Lund University
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