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Cropland changes in times of conflict, reconstruction, and economic development in Iraqi Kurdistan

Author:
  • Lina Eklund
  • Andreas Persson
  • Petter Pilesjö
Publishing year: 2016
Language: English
Pages: 78-88
Publication/Series: Ambio: a Journal of Human Environment
Volume: 45
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Springer

Abstract english

The destruction of land and forced migration during the Anfal attacks against the Kurds in Iraq in the late 1980s has been reported to have severe consequences for agricultural development. A reconstruction program to aid people in returning to their lands was launched in 1991. To assess the agricultural situation in the Duhok governorate during the pre-Anfal (A), post-Anfal (B), reconstruction (C), and present (D) periods, we mapped winter crops by focusing on inter-annual variability in vegetation greenness, using satellite images. The results indicate a decrease in cultivated area between period A and B, and a small increase between period B and C. This supports reports of a decline in cultivated area related to the Anfal campaign, and indicates increased activity during the reconstruction program. Period D showed a potential recovery with a cropland area similar to period A.

Keywords

  • Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
  • Agriculture
  • Conflict
  • Crop phenology
  • Iraqi Kurdistan
  • NDVI

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0044-7447
E-mail: andreas [dot] persson [at] nateko [dot] lu [dot] se

Senior lecturer

Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science

+46 46 222 42 62

GIS-centrum 103

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Senior lecturer

Centre for Geographical Information Systems (GIS Centre)

+46 46 222 42 62

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Teaching staff

Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science

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Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Lund University
Sölvegatan 12
S-223 62 Lund
Sweden

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